Android Canvas.drawText

我有一个视图,我正在使用onDraw(Canvas canvas)方法中的Canvas对象进行绘制。 我的代码是:

Paint paint = new Paint(); paint.setColor(Color.WHITE); paint.setStyle(Style.FILL); canvas.drawPaint(paint); paint.setColor(android.R.color.black); paint.setTextSize(20); canvas.drawText("Some Text", 10, 25, paint); 

问题是文字没有通过背景显示,我做错了什么? 如果我删除canvas.drawPaint(paint)和paint.setColor(android.R.color.black),你可以看到屏幕上的文字…..

Solutions Collecting From Web of "Android Canvas.drawText"

解决了这个问题,事实certificateandroid.R.color.black和Color.BLACK是不一样的。 将代码更改为:

 Paint paint = new Paint(); paint.setColor(Color.WHITE); paint.setStyle(Style.FILL); canvas.drawPaint(paint); paint.setColor(Color.BLACK); paint.setTextSize(20); canvas.drawText("Some Text", 10, 25, paint); 

现在一切正常!

应该注意的是, 文档build议直接使用Layout而不是Canvas.drawText 。 关于使用StaticLayout完整答案在这里 ,但我将在下面提供一个总结。

 String text = "This is some text."; TextPaint textPaint = new TextPaint(); textPaint.setAntiAlias(true); textPaint.setTextSize(16 * getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density); textPaint.setColor(0xFF000000); int width = (int) textPaint.measureText(text); StaticLayout staticLayout = new StaticLayout(text, textPaint, (int) width, Layout.Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, 1.0f, 0, false); staticLayout.draw(canvas); 

在自定义视图的上下文中,这是一个更完整的示例:

在这里输入图像说明

 public class MyView extends View { String mText = "This is some text."; TextPaint mTextPaint; StaticLayout mStaticLayout; // use this constructor if creating MyView programmatically public MyView(Context context) { super(context); initLabelView(); } // this constructor is used when created from xml public MyView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) { super(context, attrs); initLabelView(); } private void initLabelView() { mTextPaint = new TextPaint(); mTextPaint.setAntiAlias(true); mTextPaint.setTextSize(16 * getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density); mTextPaint.setColor(0xFF000000); // default to a single line of text int width = (int) mTextPaint.measureText(mText); mStaticLayout = new StaticLayout(mText, mTextPaint, (int) width, Layout.Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, 1.0f, 0, false); // New API alternate // // StaticLayout.Builder builder = StaticLayout.Builder.obtain(mText, 0, mText.length(), mTextPaint, width) // .setAlignment(Layout.Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL) // .setLineSpacing(1, 0) // multiplier, add // .setIncludePad(false); // mStaticLayout = builder.build(); } @Override protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) { // Tell the parent layout how big this view would like to be // but still respect any requirements (measure specs) that are passed down. // determine the width int width; int widthMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec); int widthRequirement = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec); if (widthMode == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY) { width = widthRequirement; } else { width = mStaticLayout.getWidth() + getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(); if (widthMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) { if (width > widthRequirement) { width = widthRequirement; // too long for a single line so relayout as multiline mStaticLayout = new StaticLayout(mText, mTextPaint, width, Layout.Alignment.ALIGN_NORMAL, 1.0f, 0, false); } } } // determine the height int height; int heightMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec); int heightRequirement = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec); if (heightMode == MeasureSpec.EXACTLY) { height = heightRequirement; } else { height = mStaticLayout.getHeight() + getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(); if (heightMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST) { height = Math.min(height, heightRequirement); } } // Required call: set width and height setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } @Override protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) { super.onDraw(canvas); // do as little as possible inside onDraw to improve performance // draw the text on the canvas after adjusting for padding canvas.save(); canvas.translate(getPaddingLeft(), getPaddingTop()); mStaticLayout.draw(canvas); canvas.restore(); } }