Gradle + Robolectric:我在哪里放置文件org.robolectric.Config.properties?

我试图用Robolectric来设置一个testing来点击这个仓库中的一个菜单button。 基本的Robolectrictesting将运行,但是我不能使用资源运行任何项目特定的testing,因为它说找不到我的AndroidManifest.xml。 在运行../gradlew clean check ,这里是Robolectric html文件的标准输出:

WARNING: No manifest file found at ./AndroidManifest.xml.Falling back to the Android OS resources only. To remove this warning, annotate your test class with @Config(manifest=Config.NONE).

我发现这些说明 ,我应该创build一个org.robolectric.Config.properties文件,但我不知道该把它放在哪里。 我到处都试过,尽pipe移动了文件,错误信息中的path总是和上面一样(./AndroidManifest.xml)。 这让我觉得构build过程从来没有拿起文件org.robolectric.Config.properties的设置。

我也尝试了@Config(manifest =“”)指令,但是这给了我一个cannot find symbol错误。 如果我将AndroidManifest.xml移到我的项目目录中,那么我得到一个关于它不能findpath./res/values ,我也无法解决这个问题。 有任何想法吗?

更新1

感谢Eugen,我现在使用@RunWith(RobolectricGradleTestRunner.class)而不是@RunWith(RobolectricTestRunner)

现在我得到了一个不同的错误,仍然发生在我的BasicTest.java的同一行上

 KeywordList keywordList = Robolectric.buildActivity(KeywordList.class).create().get(); 

以下是Robolectrictesting报告中标准错误,标准输出和“失败testing”选项卡的结果:

注:我也尝试用最新的Robolectric更新,Robolectric-2.2-SNAPSHOT.jar构build的jar包,但仍然出现错误。

标准错误

WARNING: no system properties value for ro.build.date.utc

标准输出

 DEBUG: Loading resources for net.frontlinesms.android from ~/workspace-studio/frontlinesms-for-android/FrontlineSMS/build/res/all/debug... DEBUG: Loading resources for android from jar:~/.m2/repository/org/robolectric/android-res/4.1.2_r1_rc/android-res-4.1.2_r1_rc-real.jar!/res... INFO: no id mapping found for android:drawable/scrollbar_handle_horizontal; assigning ID #0x1140002 INFO: no id mapping found for android:drawable/scrollbar_handle_vertical; assigning ID #0x1140003 INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/highlighted_text_dark; assigning ID #0x1140004 INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/hint_foreground_dark; assigning ID #0x1140005 INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/link_text_dark; assigning ID #0x1140006 INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark_disabled; assigning ID #0x1140007 INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark; assigning ID #0x1140008 INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark_inverse_disabled; assigning ID #0x1140009 INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark_inverse; assigning ID #0x114000a INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/bright_foreground_dark_inverse; assigning ID #0x114000b INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000c INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_no_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000d INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_side_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000e INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_side_no_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000f INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_suggestion_item; assigning ID #0x1140010 

testing失败

 android.view.InflateException: XML file ~/workspace-studio/frontlinesms-for-android/FrontlineSMS/build/res/all/debug/layout/rule_list.xml line #-1 (sorry, not yet implemented): Error inflating class net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:613) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352) at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272) at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java) at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70) at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5008) at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126) at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24) at org.gradle.messaging.remote.internal.hub.MessageHub$Handler.run(MessageHub.java:355) at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.DefaultExecutorFactory$StoppableExecutorImpl$1.run(DefaultExecutorFactory.java:66) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:895) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:918) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:680) Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27) at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createView(LayoutInflater.java:587) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.robolectric.bytecode.ShadowWrangler$ShadowMethodPlan.run(ShadowWrangler.java:455) at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java) at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70) at android.app.Activity.$$robo$$Activity_c57b_performCreate(Activity.java:5008) at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126) at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) ... 7 more Caused by: android.view.InflateException: XML file ~/workspace-studio/frontlinesms-for-android/FrontlineSMS/build/res/all/debug/layout/actionbar.xml line #-1 (sorry, not yet implemented): Error inflating class android.widget.ProgressBar at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:613) at org.robolectric.shadows.RoboLayoutInflater.onCreateView(RoboLayoutInflater.java:38) at android.view.LayoutInflater.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:660) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:685) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:749) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar.<init>(ActionBar.java:65) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:587) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352) at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272) at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java) at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70) at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5008) at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126) at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103) ... 7 more Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27) at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createView(LayoutInflater.java:587) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java) at org.robolectric.shadows.RoboLayoutInflater.onCreateView(RoboLayoutInflater.java:38) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:660) at android.view.LayoutInflater.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:685) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:749) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar.<init>(ActionBar.java:65) at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27) at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createView(LayoutInflater.java:587) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java) at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.robolectric.bytecode.ShadowWrangler$ShadowMethodPlan.run(ShadowWrangler.java:455) at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java) at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70) at android.app.Activity.$$robo$$Activity_c57b_performCreate(Activity.java:5008) at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114) at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126) at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70) at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32) at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) ... 7 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassCastException: org.robolectric.res.AttrData cannot be cast to org.robolectric.res.StyleData at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowAssetManager$StyleResolver.getParent(ShadowAssetManager.java:353) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowAssetManager$StyleResolver.getAttrValue(ShadowAssetManager.java:336) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources.findAttributeValue(ShadowResources.java:259) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources.attrsToTypedArray(ShadowResources.java:188) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources.access$000(ShadowResources.java:51) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources$ShadowTheme.obtainStyledAttributes(ShadowResources.java:460) at android.content.res.Resources$Theme.obtainStyledAttributes(Resources.java) at android.content.Context.obtainStyledAttributes(Context.java:374) at android.view.View.__constructor__(View.java:3297) at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112) at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowView.__constructor__(ShadowView.java:68) at android.view.View.<init>(View.java:3295) at android.widget.ProgressBar.<init>(ProgressBar.java:253) at android.widget.ProgressBar.<init>(ProgressBar.java:246) at android.widget.ProgressBar.<init>(ProgressBar.java:242) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:587) at org.robolectric.shadows.RoboLayoutInflater.onCreateView(RoboLayoutInflater.java:38) at android.view.LayoutInflater.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:660) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:685) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:749) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar.<init>(ActionBar.java:65) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:587) at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687) at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396) at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352) at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82) [truncated, hit stack overflow character limit...] 

Solutions Collecting From Web of "Gradle + Robolectric:我在哪里放置文件org.robolectric.Config.properties?"

我终于find了正确的地方。 首先,我的应用程序的结构如下所示:

我的申请是根据

 app/src/main/ 

我的testing应用程序正在

 app/src/test/ 

你应该把属性文件命名为robolectric.properties并放在下面

 src/test/resources/ 

robolectric.properties的内容是

 manifest: src/main/AndroidManifest.xml 

然后,testing程序可以最终find属性文件!

Robolectric博客上提到的src/test/resourcespath似乎适用于org.robolectric.Config.properties文件,包含testing插件和Robolectric SNAPSHOTS。 RobolectricGradleTestRunner不再需要。

我正在使用robolectric gradle插件,并面临(或仍然面临着)AS中junittesting的严重问题。

但是,一旦我刚刚发现的事情是org.robolectric.Config.properties的位置。 我也在源项目中尝试了很多地方,但是AS只是在把它放到build/test-classes之后才开始提取它。

你可以看看我的gradle构build脚本: 使用IntelliJ / AndroidStudiodebugging基于gradle的unit testing

在AS中运行unit testing所需的其他步骤:

  1. <orderEntry type="jdk" ... />重新排列到<app>.iml文件的列表末尾(这是为了防止存在exception,请参阅: https : //github.com/robolectric / deckard-gradle ) – 这个步骤必须重复,每次你用gradle同步。

  2. 将已编译的testing文件文件夹添加到<app>.iml文件中。 在<output url=... />之后直接添加<output-test url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/build/test-classes" /> <output url=... /> (参见: Android Studio + Robolectric + Gradle类Not Found Exception )

  3. 编译你的应用程序与gradle: gradlew app:clean app:testDebug或类似的东西。 我注意到AS只编译源文件,但不知何故不能编译testing类,至less没有到/build文件夹的任何地方。 另一方面,Gradle将编译好的testing类正确地编译到/build/test-classes ,并在步骤2)中进行configuration。 当然这个步骤必须重复,每次你修改你的testing类。 (注意:我还发现Eugen的另一个解决scheme,请参阅: https : //stackoverflow.com/a/24140796/1406325 – 我还没有尝试过,但似乎这样做并不需要额外的步骤来编译gradle产出)

  4. 把你的org.robolectric.Config.properties放到/build/test-classes (因为第二步),AS会立即启动它。

  5. 如果您还有其他库的引用,则可能需要一个project.properties文件(即如果在运行testing时遇到Resources$NotFoundException问题)。 再一次,把这个文件放在哪里? 它进入<app>/src/main (请参阅: https : //groups.google.com/forum/#!topic <app>/src/main gjpwqRICT5U )

     android.library.reference.1 = .. / .. / .. /库/ SRC /主
    

希望有所帮助!

我有幸把org.robolectric.Config.properties放在src/test/res ,而不是src/test/resources

最好的方法是通过将属性文件放在一个文件夹中,并如下指定path来覆盖RobolectricTestRunner的子类中的getConfigProperties():

 @Override protected Properties getConfigProperties() { FsFile fs = Fs.currentDirectory(); InputStream resourceAsStream = null; try { File f = new File(fs.getPath() + <location-to-file-from-root-dir> + <file-name>); resourceAsStream = new FileInputStream(f); } catch (Exception e) { resourceAsStream = null; } if (resourceAsStream == null) return null; Properties properties = new Properties(); try { properties.load(resourceAsStream); } catch (IOException e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } return properties; } 

我看到你正在按照这个: https : //github.com/square/gradle-android-test-plugin

我想你应该修改你的@RunWith(RobolectricTestRunner.class)@RunWith(RobolectricGradleTestRunner.class)